City of Dust: Lingo, New Mexico

A Little Piece of Quiet

I might as well stop pretending that I’m going to write more regularly and admit that, modern life being what it is, time is always tight, and seemingly ever-increasingly so. However, one way to get new articles written is to take to my sick bed and thus find myself confined to the small space between the bedroom and kitchen table. As such is the case today, let us leave the hustle and bustle of modernity behind once again and step back into the past, this time to visit Lingo, New Mexico.

The little village of Lingo, which can still claim at least one family as residents, is on the eastern edge of New Mexico, just five miles from Texas. It’s a tiny dot on the map at the western extremity of the staggeringly vast Llano Estacado/Staked Plain plateau. As such, it sits among some other places we’ve visited in the region, such as Pep, and House.

Jean M. Burrough’s “Roosevelt County History and Heritage” leads off with a handwritten letter about the Bilberry family’s arrival in what was not yet Lingo. They lived in a “two-room shack, dirt floor” and Finis Bilberry farmed and raised sheep. School was first held in 1916, the schoolhouse being a one-room dug-out at a place regrettably named Nigger Hill. Also known as Dead Negro Hill, this was where, in July 1877, a group of African-American soldiers and buffalo hunters abandoned their pursuit of some Comanche who had stolen stock and killed one hunter. Desperate and dying of thirst in the summer heat, the men began to search for water, some going 86 hours without a drink. Five would die in this incident, which was sometimes remembered as the “Staked Plains Horror.” In 2005, the name of the rise was officially changed to Buffalo Soldier Hill.

Speaking of place names, in “The Place Names of New Mexico,” Robert Julyan notes that Lingo was known as Need in 1916, becoming Lingo in 1918. No one knows why it was originally called Need, but in 1918 the postal authorities thought the name too close to Weed, a settlement down south in Otero County. At that point, not only did Need become Lingo, but the post office got moved three miles to the north. I don’t know why the post office also had to move. Anyway, it’s been speculated that Lingo took its name from the way the people spoke (i.e., “the jargon, slang, or argot, of a particular field, group, or individual”), but more probably it references a family, now forgotten.

Now, I often feel like City of Dust is in a race against dusty oblivion as so many of the buildings documented on this website are disappearing fast, and those in Lingo are no different. But unlike Lucy, NM, where I got there too late to photograph the old school or the Formwalt house, in this case I arrived just in the nick of time. Shown above and at left is the post office, where around 1953 a Mrs. Balko was postmistress. Mrs. Fanny Brown took the position on April 20, 1968, staying until the post office closed in 1984 (possibly on November 2). I visited on December 12, 2015 and on Valentine’s Day 2016 the old PO burned to the ground. Apparently someone was driving a pick-up with a BBQ grill in the back and hot coals became airborne. Numerous blazes were started, consuming a total of 1,083 acres in southeastern Roosevelt County, but at least no one was hurt and no other structures were damaged.

Below is the crumbling Lingo Baptist Church, reportedly also used by other denominations on occasion, possibly after a second church in town closed. The general store is shown at the top of this post. Other buildings included a café, hardware store, basketball gym, and a shop in a Quonset hut, none of which still stand.

Fish fries and dances were held at the high school, which was across the street from the post office. The dances were a big deal as such stuff was not allowed in nearby Causey. However, Causey was where you would go to get your hair styled by the much-loved Lingo resident Edna Ashbrook. Lingo’s last graduating class was in 1945 and numbered five: Meryl Terry, Pete Rogers, Billy Joe Cunningham, Otis Foster, and Gene Collins. You can still find the blacksmith shop, but it’s fallen into a jumbled heap. Things are certainly much quieter than when Lingo could boast of the Hair twins–Judson and Jettie–and the Henry triplets–Anna, Bunna, and Lanna–although, you know, sometimes quiet can be nice.

Now I must return to my Theraflu.

The only published sources of information on Lingo that I could find were Burrough’s “Roosevelt County History and Heritage” and Julyan’s “The Place Names of New Mexico.” Wikipedia has a long entry on the “Buffalo Soldier tragedy of 1877.” Everything else for this post came from the many good people that left their recollections of growing up and living in Lingo on a series of photographs on the City of Dust Facebook page.

John Mulhouse moved to Albuquerque in 2009 after spending the previous decade in Minnesota, Georgia, Tennessee, and California. He loves the desert, realizes it doesn’t care too much about him, and thinks that’s all as it should be. More of his documentation of the lost, abandoned, beaten, and beautiful can be found at the City of Dust blog and the City of Dust Facebook page.


  1. Margarette Wilson and her brothers (Massey’s) went to school there. She planted a tree by the old school house. Their grandfather Elder had a store there once. They went by wagon or horseback. It was not too far from the homestead of Ed n Annie Massey-Margaret’s parents!

  2. I always enjoy reading about my home state, I lived in Corona, Mountain Air, Las Cruces, Pinon, and Tatum before retiring to South Carolina 3 years ago. When I look at these pictures, I can still remember the clean air smell and the wonderful views. Thank you for the history, always so intriguing!

  3. My grandfather homesteaded on the staked plains near Lingo & my early childhood was in Lingo, where my father ran the Lingo grocery store. We watched the tiny town fade into oblivion & eventually die from neglect. The annual Lingo-Causey Reunion finds fewer & fewer old timers who actually have a direct connection…City of Dust, indeed!

  4. I am Joe Beakley. I was born about 3 1/2 miles East of Lingo in 1936. Started school there and went there until Lingo consolidated with Causey in 1946 (I think). Graduated from Causey High School in 1953. I left the area about 2 months after graduation and returned in 2001. I graduated from New Mexico State University with a degree in Civil Engineering, got my Professional Engineers License and had a 32-year career with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. I have lived in New Mexico, Colorado, Oklahoma and Texas during my career with the Corps. I am now living within 200 feet of where I was born.
    I remember driving a team of horses pulling a knife sled in the fields. That would be considered too dangerous for a 10-year-old kid now. My parents were deaf mutes and we lived with my grandparents Tiny and Ada Leavit. I’m not sure I would want to do it all over again but I am sure it helped mold me into the person I am now. (some might say onery and contrary) My grandmother Ada Leavitt lived on the home place until she died at the ripe old age of 102 1/2 years. She lived alone after my grandfather died and had help that came during the week. They quilted and gossiped a little too. Mrs. Leavitt said one time that she had quilted over 600 quilts in her lifetime.
    The Browns and Ashbrooks and Silvers were our nearest neighbors. CC Ashbrook’s grandson Brandon (Anita Ashbrook’s son) is now living on his place at the foot of Buffalo Soldier Hill.
    I just received word today May 14, 2018 that Gerry Brown, the youngest of the Brown boys, had passed away in Amarillo, Texas
    I have had a good life and don’t regret much of it. Maybe a few little things here and there. (grin). Unfortunately you don’t get do overs in real life.

  5. My great grandparents -Henry & Josie Boetler (sp?) homesteaded a section northeast of lingo. In the same area as farmers- Ashbrookes’; Bilberrys’; Murry Jeffery’s’; R.L. Corder (cousin to Jessie- Aunt myrtle Boetler-Corder) et al.. Henry & Josie raised their grandson – Jessie Hewitt Clayton (1920-2005)who graduated lingo HS school about ~1937, Jessie’s mother- Alta Mae Boetler-Clayton-corder/ Aunt to R.L. Corder). Jessie married lingo classmate – Wada (sp?) Green – daughter (buried in Lingo) of Ollie & Annie Green (moved to Ira, (Snyder) Texas about 1942/43..with Jessie Clayton & infant daughter – Norma Clayton. Jessie moved to Morton, Tx (18 miles east of Lingo) about 1946 (after US Army service).. farmed south of Morton until 1985. He married Pattie Stinson (1927-2014) (Morton HS graduate) & had 4 more children – Shanna(infant death-buried in Lingo) Sharon, Dennis, Randy & Phillip. Pattie lived in Morton until 2014.
    Dennis Clayton

  6. I am Don Littlefield and i lived 4 miles south of Lingo from 1947 to 1957. I have a brother Larry Glen, and a sister Sherry both still living. I went to school at Causey for my first 4 years till we moved to Morton Texas. I lived on the old Bilberry farm and ranch of 160 acres. There is only an electric well pump there now across the road from where the house was. The house, shop, barn and windmill are now all gone and the stock tank too. I remember fondly going to the store in Lingo and sharing a 5 cent Coke a Cola with my mother Katie Lee and father Bud Littlefield. I use to play in the shop building at Lingo while the folks were doing what they needed to do. There was a large cistern by the Church building there also. It was the first one i had ever seen and could no figure out why it did not just cave in on itself. I do not remember it ever having water in it though.
    The Post Office was on the opposite side of the road. I remember it being fun because of the boxes with the combination locks. Beside the store was a gym that was used as a community center where events took place. My mother instigated one where the county agent came and did a class on how to sew your own coat. She wore that coat she made for years because she really liked it a lot. She got all the other ladies interested so they could have the class. My dads best friend was Murry Jefferies. My friends I remember was Clois Dean Jefferies, Harley and Marlos Wilkie, Gary Coon, Buddy Beaklie, and Neal Ashbrook. The girls were the Henry triplets, Ana, Bunna, Lanna, Jim Ann Brown, and Cherel Greathouse.

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